Israel has a population of 8.5 Million approximately and is categorized as one and only country which is developed. However, its population has been growing rapidly arising the serious concerns of increase in the rate of pollution with contaminated water making it unfit for drinking and the natural environment being seriously affected.
For the first time in Israel in 1973, a government body was formed to run the environment management program that was based on the integration of economic development and environmental protection. The Environmental concerns were always keen on preventing the rapid development that had adversely impacted the surrounding environment –
Israel features more than 2600 species of plants, 90 reptiles, 8 amphibians, 70 mammal species, and 450 bird species. The nature conservation movement the government has introduced has indeed not made a drastic difference as the organized environmental activity has managed to do it. The government of Israel has introduced and enforced stringent laws that contribute to exhaustive protection strategies of natural habitats, wildlife, natural assets, and scientific and educational interest sites.
The Environmental Laws in Israelare formulated to protect the arising water scarcity and quality concerns owing to the intensive development schemes introduced and implemented. The increase in population and excessive exploitation of feasible water resources being the next two factors that have resulted in the enforcement of Environmental laws in Israel.
The polluted water bodies of Israel are undergoing rehabilitation and cleanup programs such as the Alexander, the Harod, Kishon, Yarkon, and Lachish. Their success undoubtedly is regulated by the success of program for sewage treatment implemented. Treatments include the removal and disinfection of nutrients, suspended solids taken as minimum baseline level, etc.
The Environmental laws in Israel have taken tremendous steps in improving the quality of air that has worsened with the incessant development of Israel. Not only the mobile, but the stationary sources have also drastically impacted the air quality. One such step is to curb the vehicular pollution problem where the vehicles with models beginning from 1995, will require the installation of catalytic converters with the encouragement of using unleaded gasoline. More solutions and strategies to put a strict check on vehicular emissions include effective inspection, emission standards, supervision systems, better mass transportation system, and prohibition of private motor vehicles in city centers.
If the concerns of transportation are not addressed on time with significant amount of efforts, the problem of noise, air, and water pollution will one day become completely unbearable.
Government has introduced a landmark decision that involves the closure of landfill sites that are not legally established. It also includes the controlling of waste transfer to a number of authorized landfills that serve the major population of the country. Government is also planning to introduce the state-of-the-art landfills that are in strict accordance with the stringent requirement of the environment. The Ministry of Israel prevents olfactory and air pollution by enforcing the laws.
Other prominent sources of pollution include the marine station and hazardous substances. All of these can be efficiently monitored and controlled, however they require realizing these objectives depend on the following the laws at every level of society and government.