When a region has been famous for rug-weaving since three millennia, you can expect work of wonder by their weavers. In Iran, also called Persia and officially, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the culture of rug weaving is an inherited trait. The tradition of rug weaving is imperative to its natives. So much so that the rug industry influences the economy. The saying goes ‘Iranian wealth shines on their floor.’
Iran is one of the oldest producers of hand-woven carpet. Rug weaving is an essential occupation in Iran, with one or the other family member involved in the manufacturing of the rug through multiple ways like sheep raising, weaving, dying, spinning, washing, etc. The Persian rugs have influenced the rug manufacturing industry and yet has still retained the position of a supreme rug.
Persian rugs primarily made by the nomads and tribes of Persia have their style and taste. No two Persian rug is alike since they are weaved by weavers with different culture and tradition. The high- grade material and natural dyes used in the manufacturing of these rugs, make them an aesthetically pleasing asset to your home. These opulent piece of art are hand-knotted and since being made from the wool of utmost quality, are highly durable.
Considering some tribes have been invested in weaving the Persian rug depending on their custom, lifestyle or the resources made available to them, there is a variety of different Persian rugs made under the name of places where they are manufactured or the tribes that weaved it.
Named after the capital of Eastern Azerbaijan province of Iran, Tabriz. Tabriz is the second largest city and one of the most prominent rug-weaving centers of Iran. The weavers use the symmetric Turkish knot. The designs can be Persian or global with motifs. They are generally made from pure silk or wool pile with silk.
Ardabil, a town few miles south the country’s border, is located in the Azerbaijan dominion. The city is famous for its rug weaving flair since the reign of Safavid Dynasty. The designs are mainly geometric in pattern with outlines like medallions or octagonal shapes in turquoise, navy blue colors with motifs at its border.
These rugs are made in the Isfahan, the old Persian capital, located in western central Iran. These rugs are rich with hue, pastel tones and their borders an background is visible by two or more colors. The pattern and design on these rugs are inspired from the monuments, palaces, and mosques constructed during the reign of Safavid Dynasty. The most common Isfahan rug has the flowers and branches along with a large round medallion resembling the dome of Sheikh Lotfollah’s mosque.
Named after the sanctified town, wherein the tomb of Shah Abbas, the promoter of carpet weaving is built. They are characterized by their elaborate and intricate floral motifs and rounded patterns with the gul-firangi motifs being the most appreciated. They are diverse in color and designs such as flowers, garden or vases. They are made primarily of cotton or silk.
There are more varieties of the Persian rug, but these four hold the baton of being the prominent rugs of the Persian carpet industry.
One can buy an authentic Persian rug either from a genuine buyer or a credible online source keeping in mind the various aspects of a high-grade rug like the color, knots, and design.