American constitution formulated in 1787, was born of a declaration that all men were created with an equal right to liberty. Still, the provision of slavery and slave-holding went on, and a series of blood-spattered events led to the pivotal Civil war.
The civil war was a result of heightened social awakening and the indifference to it. It was an uprising by the marginalized and tortured people against the section of society that treated them inferior and harassed them mercilessly to the point that there was no chance of them seeking any redemption.
Republican party candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th President Of America in February 1860. With his previous debate speeches, Lincoln discussed the debilitating institution to humanity, that was slavery.
Starting from the first official attack on the Fort Summer to the siege of Vicksburg by the Union military, the period of 1861-1865 saw several ghastly battles, harrowing loss of lives and economic resources.
Following are three key battles along with their prominence in starting and ending the civil war:
BATTLE OF FORT SUMTER:
Upon holding the office, Lincoln denied the authority of Congress, of a territorial legislature, or of any individuals, to give legal existence to slavery in any Territory of the United States.” This was a threat to the people who took the liberty of every kind with the reinforced insulation of slavery in South. sOon the ordinance of secession happened, and confederate was formed. During the four months that led to Lincoln inauguration, the seceded states seized federal forts, arsenals. When South Carolina seceded from the Union, Major Robert Anderson, the commander of the federal defenses of Charleston, secretly moved his base of operations to Sumter. Anderson and his troops were surrounded by Confederates.
In April 1861, Confederate General as warned, attacked the Fort Sumter, the gunshots damaged the fort exterior alongside the adjacent wooden buildings. Anderson had to surrender on account of being underserved. Although this attack didn’t lead to any major casualties, it was what led to the ensuing blood-sheds for four years.
BATTLE OF BULL RUN
Also known as the first battle of Manassas, this was the first land battle of American Civil war of magnitude and impact. To suppress the rebellious troops, 35000 Union troops marched to bring down the Confederate forces around the Bull Run river. This battle saw both the forces heavily firing gun-shots at one another with an equal number of men surviving each side of the river by the end of the evening. Soon the Confederate leader, General Beauregard counterattacked the entire line and won. UNion’s loss with 3000 casualties cleared the picture for northerners who were of the thought that this battle would be a quick end to the rebellion.
SIEGE OF VICKSBURG:
Although the Battle of Gettysburg is considered as the turning point of American civil war, the siege of Vicksburg was the final significant military action of the American civil war. The South Navy has grown week since its logistics supply was disrupted. On may 18 1963, the Union troops attacked the confederates which was the last step of the extensive Anaconda plan, through which the UNION wanted to capture the largest Confederate holding on Mississippi river. With Union’s victory, this is where Confederates realized they wouldn’t survive for long. With Robert E Lee surrendering, the Confederacy ceased to exist. The battle of Palmito Ranch was the last land action of Civil War
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