With a dire need to save energy and making each and every aspect of our lifestyle energy-efficient, green building is a drive that has come up with an alternative to traditional building process as well the structure.
Rooting back to 1970s, when the oil prices surged and so did the construction cost, green building entails a process that uses more sustainable resources to build structures that last longer, have better energy performance, eco-friendly and has positive effects on the environment throughout its life-cycle.
While the drive did have to face some bitter failures in its experimental stage in the 70s, it has made a comeback and that too, a strong one with more preparedness to bring an alternative that isn’t just environmentally conscious, but also brings as good, if not better, comfort to the lifestyle of the residents. Non-profit organizations are working towards speeding the process of global adoption of green building in mainstream construction.
The Green Building principles are what’s helping it thrive and spread its roots with this new approach. Below are some of the core principles of Green Building:
When traditional buildings wear and tear, they end up being a landfill and thus a negative impact on the environment. Green building focuses on making the structure last as long as possible majorly by being attentive towards the climate of the location, building science and using techniques to avoid rotting and damage to the building through elements like water. It focuses on using durable alternative materials for construction that need minimum maintenance.
- Energy Efficiency
Green buildings aim at reducing the dependence on fossil-fuel driven energy during the life-cycle of the building. To do so, it focuses on controlling the air infiltration and sealing, and insulation through construction tactics like efficient and attentive duct sealing and using better lighting alternatives like fluorescent lighting, which emits less heat and saves bucks, and star-rated electrical appliances to reduce the energy consumption of the building. Solar energy conservation is another way how green buildings increase their energy efficiency.
- Water Conservation
Green building reduces the water consumption of each building with the old techniques of better and efficient flushing systems and water conservation systems like absorption fields, directing storm flows and roof runoffs towards it to increase groundwater levels. Local engineers can help devise an innovative water management solution to maximize the conservation and reduce the water consumption of the building.
Using greener options for construction raw materials that can be regenerated comparatively quickly, reducing the carbon footprint of the buildings, reducing the waste during the construction process, all make the fundamentals of green building. With better innovations and technological advancements, it is even possible to make already constructed buildings greener to great extent. The experiments in the 70s, failed and successful, are what today’s growing and thriving green building is made up on giving everything that a tradition building can and more.